Ticks in Michigan

Are you aware of the most commonly found ticks in Michigan? If not, read through this to be noted on what ticks to look for in your area!

The American Dog tick is by far the most common tick found in Michigan. It is active from early May-November. It will readily bite humans and our companion animals. This species is the vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia, and is easily distinguished by it’s ornate scutum.

Another is the Kennel tick, this species is unique in its ability to survive and breed in indoor environments. It is the vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, canine babesiosis and canine ehrlichiosis. Hygienic practices in shelters/kennels can prevent infestations.

Emerging as a serious public health concern in Michigan, the Black-legged tick is the vector of Lyme disease, granulocytic anaplasmosis, and babesiosis. This tick readily quests for hosts in the low vegetation of forests with abundant small mammals and white- tailed deer; accumulating along human and game trails.

Known by its distinctive “Lone Star” marking, this tick is becoming more prevalent in Michigan. It will readily bite people and our companion animals, and is the vector of monocytic ehrlichiosis and tularemia. This tick is common in wooded areas with populations of white-tailed deer.

Often confused with the Black-legged tick, Ixodes cookei is common in Michigan and will readily bite dogs and humans. People and pets will often come in contact near the dens of animals (skunks, woodchucks) in wooded environments. This species is the vector of Powassan encephalitis.

Go to this website for images of these ticks so you can be familiar if you ever see them.

http://www.michigan.gov/documents/emergingdiseases/5commonticks_282020_7.pdf

 

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